June 16, 2019 PAN-AFRICAN MOVEMENT

SEVENTH PAN AFRICAN CONGRESS –1994

Location:

The 7th PAC took place in Kampala, Uganda from 3rd to 8th, April 1994. The International Preparatory Committee (IPC) met in Entebbe, Uganda and a Secretariat was constituted to organize the PAC

Participants:

It was originally scheduled to take place in December 1993 but had to be rescheduled due to logistical problems of travel as well as certain objective and subjective obstacles such as suspicions by some African governments concerning the objectives of the congress.

Among those who attended were a number of Pan Africanists; A.M Babu, Karrim Essack, Akrassi Sarpong, Victor Sabelo-Phama, Sabiiti Mutengesa, Kahinda Otafiire, Rosie Douglas and Kwame Toure.

Subsequently, in August,. It was headed by Dr. Tajudeen Abdul Raheem as the General Secretary with Hon. Miriam Matembe as deputy with the responsibility of mobilizing women.

. Some of them had feared that the congress, given the prominent role that advocacy issues had been given, was going to be yet another government bashing event. Though a number of them stayed away from the congress, they at least did not prevent their people and organizations (civil and political) from attending, and indeed, they attended in droves.

It is however pertinent to note that that there was contention by civil society concerning the role, status and participation of governments in the Congress during preparations of the 7th PAC. This opposition came from a group allied to the Lagos International Preparatory Committee (IPC) of the 7th PAC. This Lagos group, led by Naiwu Osahon, had been the first people to start organizing for the 7th PAC in response to CLR James’ influential paper, “Towards the 7th PAC”. In that paper, he sought to correct the political and ideological errors committed in giving too prominent a role to governments at the 6th PAC.

Congress Resolutions:

Resolution No. 1

  1. That the present Secretariat be retained as an interim measure until a constitution is drafted and comes into effect.
  • That a constitution Drafting Committee be immediately set up with the following terms of reference and composition:
  1. To draft a Constitution and general operational and organizational guidelines for sustained work of the Pan-African Movement.
  • Work out viable, effective and enduring organisational structures with specific constitutional roles and functions for each.
  • To complete and submit the first draft of its assignment to the Interim Management Committee and all regional and sub-regional representatives not later than 30 September 1994; comments on the draft Constitution to be sent back to the Secretariat by 31 December 1994 for onward transmission to the Constitution Drafting Committee, which should then revise the document accordingly and submit it to the Governing Council, through the Secretariat, not later than 30 April 1995.
  • Composition: Abdul-Rahman Mohammed Babu, Akidi Ocan, Mohammed Gammudi, Yvonne King, Dudley Thompson, Wamba dia Wamba, Hassan Haleim
  • Ex-Officio – Tajudeen Abdul-Raheem
  • The Congress empowered the Committee to co-opt a few more members with a view to achieving gender and generational balance.
  • To replace the International Preparatory Committee with a Governing Council, comprising the Convener and two representatives of each of the regions from USA and Canada, Caribbean, Pacific, South America, Brazil, Europe, North Africa, East Africa, West Africa, Central Africa, Horn of Africa and Southern Africa. Governing Council members should be one male and one female who will be elected through a democratic process in the above mentioned regions.
  • That an interim Management Committee be immediately set up to assist the Secretariat in securing the necessary material base and administrative structures. That the committee be composed of Col Kahinda Otafiire; Akbar Mohammed, Abdul-Salam Williams, Abdallah Zubedi, Nathan Shamuyarira, Graca Machel, David Commisong, Rosemary Berewa Jommo, Viola Palmer.

Ex-Officio – Tajudeen Abdul-Raheem.

Finally Congress resolves:

That concrete steps be undertaken to work out modalities towards the institution of a democratically elected and fully representative Pan- African parliament.

Resolution No. 2

In view of the short period of time for in-depth discussion during the 7th Pan-African Congress;

Bearing in mind the need for exhaustive discussion on issues facing the Pan-African Movement today;

There is an urgent need to institutionalise the Pan-African Congress series at three yearly intervals, with yearly meetings and other activities including Sports and Culture to be held in different areas where Africans are found.

Resolution No. 3

That Africans at home and abroad must control their means of production and money supply;

To ensure financial independence of the Permanent Secretariat and its regional branches, effective commercial and fund raising activities would require the support of all Pan-Africanists world wide.

Resolution No. 4

The 7th Pan-African Congress took note of the present unjust regional representation on the Security Council of the United Nations (IIN) and resolved that the membership of the Security Council should represent all the regions of the world;

That Africa should be represented at the Security Council with a permanent seat to be filled by an African country chosen on a Rota basis by the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) for that purpose.

Resolution No. 5

The 7th Pan African Congress resolves that:

The liberation Committee of the OAU continue in being after majority rule in South Africa and be charged with the responsibility of ensuring the maintenance of democracy in Africa and thereby continue its work towards the liberation of Africans;

The OAU has the responsibility to ensure that no African country destabilises any other African country and that Africans resolve their differences by peaceful means by way of negotiation, compromise and settlement;

The OAU amends its Charter regarding the principle of non-intervention in the internal affairs of member states, to permit, where the need arises, for intervention in cases of civil war and the violation of democratic, human and people’s rights;

The 7th Pan-African Congress implement its resolutions by obtaining the same Permanent Observer Status as the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights at the OAU and that the Congress secures observer status at the 1JN, being entitled inter-alia to the privileges and immunities of Associate Membership within the UN.

Resolution No. 6

The 7th Pan-African Congress noted the rise of and-African racism and xenophobia on an individual and institutional basis in the United States, Canada, England, France, Germany, Russia, Australia and other parts of the world, and resolved that:

With the definition of Apartheid as a crime against humanity, the Africans have particular reason to oppose racism in all its forms which must be condemned in the strongest terms.

In response to this hostility, a Global Black Volunteer Association that will defend the interests of African states or individuals under attack be formed.

Resolution No. 7

The 7th Pan-African Congress took note of Cheik Anta Diop’s observation that Africans share a common soul with the Aborigines, the peoples of Papua New Guinea and other black indigenous peoples and resolved that Africans share a common cause with these peoples and a common destiny.

Resolution No. 8

Aware that women make up more that half of the Pan-African world and are therefore an important constituency for Pan-Africanism;

Considering that women, individually and collectively, are part and parcel of the Pan-African movement;       

The 7th Pan-African Congress resolves:

  1. To support the initiative by the women who attended the Pre-Congress meeting to establish a Pan-African women’s movement in order to follow up the initiative of that meeting and the resolutions of the 7th Pan-African Congress so as to ensure that African Women are equal partners in the Pan- African movement.
    1. To adopt the women’s demand that a Women’s Section be constituted within the PAC Secretariat to service women and gender concerns.
  • To support the women’s call for an international Women’s Coordinating Committee, this would be responsible for guiding and supporting the Women’s Section of the Secretariat and facilitates the development of women’s wings in sub-regional groups.
  • To adopt and actively pursue the principle of at least 50% full and equal membership together with at least 50% allocation of the financial and other resources on the international, regional, sub-regional and local structures of the Pan-African movement.
  • To accept the women’s call for rooting the Pan-African movement in our African culture. To this end, an emblem and anthem be created which reflect and embrace this new empowered Pan-African spirit.
  •  To work actively towards the convening of the Women’s Summit which will evaluate progress made so far, consolidate networking and together with their brothers lay new strategies for the future.
  •  To support the women’s condemnation of and demand for apologies from all writers and advertisers who depict African women in a derogatory manner, and call for the establishment of an ongoing committee to encourage the positive portrayal of African women in literature and all aspects of societal interaction.

Resolution No. 9

The 7th Pan-African Congress resolves:

To establish a Pan-African Youth Movement (PAYM), this would be dynamic, non-governmental and democratic;

That the Youth be well represented in the high structure of the Pan-African Movement, including the Permanent Secretariat;

That prior to the 8th Pan-African Congress, there be convened a Youth Congress;

That the PAYM will facilitate networking between youth movements in Africa and its Diaspora to ensure solidarity and Mass Action to support youth campaigns;

That the PAYM should develop training programmes to provide skills and leadership;

That the PAYM will publish a monthly Pan-African Youth Magazine whose main objective will be to promote and facilitate networking among and between Youth Movements in Africa and the Diaspora;

That the Movement will concern itself with issues related to:

  • The Environment and Conservation
  • Sex Education
  • AIDS
  • Technological Transfer and Science Education

That free formal and informal education be available at all levels for all, with special attention to disadvantaged groups;

That the rights of children and young people especially in the area of early child marriage, child labour, physical and sexual abuse be recognised, with attention to street children;

That there should be respect for and defence of youth movements, in particular the Rastafarian community and student movements;

That the Youth be facilitated and encouraged to raise their own funds to implement their own programs.