December 14, 2019 PAN-AFRICAN MOVEMENT

SECOND PAN AFRICAN CONGRESS – 1921.

Location:

The Congress  met in London, Brussels, and Paris, in August and September, in 1921.

Participants:

Out of the hundred and thirteen delegates to this congress, forty one were from Africa, thirty five from the United States, twenty four representing Negroes in Europe, and seven from West Indies. Thus the African element showed growth

Then too, there came simultaneously another movement, stemming from the West Indies, which accounted for the small West Indian representation. This was in its way a people’s movement rather than a movement of the intellectuals being led by Marcus Garvey. It represented a poorly conceived but with intensely earnest determination to unite the Negroes of the world, more especially in commercial enterprise.

Congress Resolutions:

  • The recognition of civilized men as civilized, despite there race or colour.
  • Local self-government for backward groups, deliberately rising as experience and knowledge grow to complete self government under the limitation of self-government.
  • Education in self-knowledge, scientific truth, and industrial technique, un divorced from the art of beauty.
  • Freedom in their own religion and social customs and with the right to be different and non-conformist.
  • Cooperation with the rest of the world in government, industry, and art on the bases of justice, freedom and peace.
  • The return to Negroes of their land and its natural fruits, and defense against the unrestrained greed of invested capital.
  • The establishment under the League of Nations of an international institution for study of the Negro problems.
  • The establishment of an international section of the labour bureau of the League of Nations charged with the protection of native labour…

The League of Nations published PAM’s petition as an official document, saying in part;

“The Second PAC wished to suggest that the spirit of the world moves toward self-government as the ultimate aim of all men and nations, and that consequently the mandated areas, being peopled as they are so largely by black folks, have aright to ask that a man of negro descent, properly fitted in character and training, be appointed member of the mandates commission so soon as a vacancy occurs”.

“The second PAC desires most earnestly and emphatically to ask the good offices and careful attention of the League of Nations to the condition of civilized persons of Negro descent throughout the world. Consciously and subconsciously , there is in  the world today a widespread and growing feeling that it is permissible to treat civilized men as uncivilized if they are coloured and more especially of negro descent. The result of this attitude and many consequent laws, customs and conventions is that a bitter feeling of resentment, personal insult, and despair is widespread in the world among those very persons whose rise is the hope of the Negro race.”

“We are fully aware that the League of Nations has little if any, direct power to adjust these matters, but it has the vast moral power of public world opinion, and as a body conceived to promote peace and justice among men. For this reason, we ask and urge that the League of Nations take firm stand on the absolute equality of races, and that it suggests to the colonial powers connected with League of Nations to form an international institute for the study of the Negro problem, and for the evolution and protection of the Negro race.”